The materiality of power : explorations in the social history of early Israelite magic
- Brian B. Schmidt.
- Schmidt, Brian B., author
- Tübingen : Mohr Siebeck, 
Where to find it
Brian B. Schmidt presents five case studies in which architectural spaces, artifacts, epigraphs, images and biblical manuscripts corroborate the existence of a robust daimonic realm in late pre-exilic Israel, along with an embryonic pandemonium. The material and epigraphic data from Kuntillet Ajrud, Ketef Hinnom, and Khirbet el-Qom, along with the manuscript evidence from Deut 32 and 1 Sam 28, indicate that pandemonium members wreaked havoc on the living and the dead. The same data also preserve a countervailing realm of apotropaism over which YHWH and Asherah, portrayed as the quintessential protective deities Bes and Beset, governed. In addition to Asherah's role in this realm as YHWH's mediatrix, various other material media including amulets, inscribed blessings, decorated jars served to convey apotropaism's empowerment to humanity.
List of figures -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Magic "from the ground up" : image, object, epigraph, then text -- On defining magic : modernity's dilemma -- Searching for ancient magic -- Ancient magic, modern constructions -- Magic's material turn -- Doing israelite magic "from the ground up" -- "May YHWH bless you and keep you!" : cult and favissae at Kuntillet Ajrud -- Scouring "cultic" landscapes : the natural, human, and divine -- Kuntillet Ajrud's sacred locus : building a's bench room -- Were there favissae or intentional cult deposits? -- The evidence for a "decorative pithos libation" rite -- The larger decorated pithos repertoire : "from Z to A" -- Divining the markings : the decorated sherds -- Deciphering decorated sherds as whole pithoi -- The Z fragment or sherd -- The so-called pithos A courtyard fragment -- A second immanent ritual setting : the south storeroom's locus 8 -- Kuntillet Ajrud's other ritual annexes and their favissae -- The ritual lives of Kuntillet Ajrud's decorated pithoi -- The collocation of apotropaism : the Numinous Pithoi, Walls, and Loci -- Transmitting the numinous : from drafts to murals -- Pithos decor as scribal-artisan drafts -- The case of the two "seated figures" -- The case of the two "overhead captions" -- The case of the two "inscribed blessings" -- The case of the two "artistic repertoires" -- The case for scribal-artisan drafts -- Anomaly or convention : pithoi as large-area drafting surfaces -- Figural drafts on limestone "ostraca" or "flakes" -- Epigraphic drafts on limestone slabs and whole jars -- Constructing pithos rites : the images and epigraphs -- Gendering the divine -- Gender marking the masculine -- Gender marking the feminine -- Gender juxtaposed -- Bearded ladies and numinous necks -- Sizing up gendered partners -- "Loops and leggings" -- A cavorting consort? -- Up close and personal : overlapping as scribal-artisan technique -- A test case : the worshipper procession scene -- The bes-like dwarfism of worshipper M -- the worshipper scene's overhead caption -- Overlapping and the bes-like figures -- The lyre player -- Dancers and musicians? -- Delineating inscribed divine speech -- Making blessings and dedications as captions -- The responsive graffiti -- Other related texts -- Convergence or chaos : the complex integrated scenes -- The integrated scenes on the pithoi -- Corresponding scenes on the painted plastered walls -- Libations and votives : rites for an Egyptianizing Israelite pantheon -- Constructing apotropaic bes and beset -- Bes and beset : form and style -- Bes iconography -- Journeying with bes : the levant and beyond -- Translating bes and beset : from image to text -- Bes to Yahweh, Beset to Asherah -- The Other gods : el, baal, and the elim in wall inscription 4.2 -- The Goddess Asherah as mediatrix -- Asherah in first-millennium ancient near eastern sources -- Asherah in the hebrew Bible -- A hybridized desert iconic creole -- Provisioning and protecting : Yahwism's Apotropaic presence -- The decorated pithos loci -- The plastered wall paintings -- Life-sustaining power : the lotus flower -- The royal seated figure -- Constructing aspects of the pithos libation rite -- The numinously empowered plastered wall paintings -- The numinous and the mundane : Kuntillet Ajrud more holistically -- Summary -- Godspeed on the "other side": text, tomb, image, and evil -- The ketef hinnom amulets -- The social matrix of early judean apotropaism -- Amulets galore : the tale of a Jerusalem tomb -- Converging nonutilitarian artifacts -- The cooccurrence of cultic assemblages -- Three regional site samples of late iron II amuletic magic -- Ketef Hinnom's amulets reassessed -- The dating of the amulets -- A new reading : an "eternal" temple? -- Other rereadings : "the evil (one), " "the exorciser of the evil (one), " and the demonic -- Remnants of a wider levantine daimonic -- Summary : amuletic magic in judean religious life -- Khirbet el-Qom -- Khirbet el-Qom tomb 2 : epigraph meets image meets object -- The site : tomb 2's wider cemetery setting -- Tomb 2 : the immanent sociohistorical context -- The 'telling" tomb assemblages -- Narrowing the context : the incised human hand -- Changing views on early israelite cosmological beliefs -- The text of Khirbet El-Qom's inscription 3 -- The meaning of the palaeographic doppel̃gnger -- Was there (a) pandemonium in early Israelite tradition? the daimonic dimensions of deuteronomy -- The demonic in ancient Israelite tradition -- Demon or daimon? the haunting question -- Deuteronomy 32 : a reassessment -- Deuteronomy 32:8-9 -- Summary -- Deuteronomy 32:43 -- Summary -- Deuteronomy 32:17 -- Identifying hebrew shedim: cognate or conceptual parallels? -- On deifying daimons and "demonizing" deities in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia -- The shedu-gods of Psalm 106 -- Deuteronoy 32:17 and Greco-Roman Egyptian Daimonia -- Summary -- Deuteronomy 32:24 -- A postscript to pandemonium : reimagining 'ĔLŌHÎM in 1 sam 28:13 -- The MT and LXX translations of 1 Sam 28:8-14 -- Samuel's ghost and other daimons at endor -- A case of prophet deified or ghost-assisting diamons? -- 1 Samuel 8 : narrating the case against the divine-human -- Reconsidering the participants in 1 Samuel 28:12-15 -- An early israelite daimonic pandemonium : revenants and other divine entities -- On demon demographics in ancient Israel -- Material aspects of early Israelite apotropaic magic : integrating image, object, epigraph, and biblical tradition -- Some closing comments : on matters of plausibility and identity -- Beset : the identity and role of bes's female partner -- The plausibility of Kuntillet Ajrud's divine convergence -- The demonization of deities and the deification of daimons -- Beyond demonization and deification : convergent, hybrid deities -- Late iron age cyprus : two case studies in "bes hybridity" -- Pyla : the deity reshef as "bes locally imagined" -- A bes trio from Athienou-Malloura -- Making explicit the implicit : 'egyptianizing' samarian hybridity and Kuntillet Ajrud's graffito 3.1 -- Kuntillet Ajrud's unique cult -- Magic's materials : image, text, and artifact -- Discerning Asherah's role -- The daimonic in deuteronomy 32 -- Conclusion -- References -- Subject index -- Ancient sources index -- Modern authors index.
This item is about
- Forschungen zum Alten Testament, 0940-4155 ; 105
- Tübingen : Mohr Siebeck, 
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 225-236) and indexes.
- xv, 258 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
- OCLC Number
- Other Identifiers
- LCCN: 2016389239